Masonry in Hawaii
OF HAWAII 1908
TERRITORY OF HAWAII 1908
By: Herbert G. Gardiner, PGS, Grand Historian
the Territory of Hawaii listed
Lodges in the Islands.
They were Hawaiian Lodge No.21, F.& A.M., Pacific Lodge No.822, A.F.
& A.M., Oceanic Lodge No.
& A.M., Kilauea Lodge No. 330, F.& A.M., and Maui Lodge
No.984, A.F. & A.M.
In 1908 Theodore Roosevelt who was a Freemason was President of the United States. The U.S. Congress authorized the construction of Naval Station Honolulu at Pearl Harbor.
In 1908 Mainly to impress Imperial Japan that the U.S. Navy could shift from the Atlantic to the Pacific President Roosevelt ordered the "Great White Fleet" to sail around the world. The fleet consisted of sixteen new battleships of the Atlantic Fleet. The battleships were painted white except for the gilded scrollwork on their bows. The journey took fourteen months. The squadrons were manned by 14,000 sailors, the voyage covered 43,000 miles and called at twenty ports on six continents.
Since the Panama Canal was still under construction the fleet sailed through the Straits of Magellan near the southern tip of South America. The armada arrived in Honolulu on July 16th and remained for six days. After many celebrations and luaus the fleet headed for New Zealand. From there the armada continued on around the world returning to Hampton Roads, Virginia on February 22, 1909. There President Roosevelt reviewed the Fleet as it returned home after completing a highly successful voyage around the world, a feat not previously accomplished by any of the world's leading naval powers.
In 1908 the City & County of Honolulu was created with Joseph James Fern as its first Mayor. Walter F. Frear was appointed Governor of Hawaii by President Roosevelt. Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniianole was the Territorial Delegate to Congress, and the Hawaiian Pineapple Growers Association was founded and launched a successful campaign to popularize the consumption of Pineapple.
In 1908 the three Masonic
Lodges on Oahu were: Hawaiian Lodge No.
by the Grand Lodge of California
5, 1852; Lodge le
Progres de l'Oceanie No. 124
he auspices of the
Ancient & Accepted Scottish
Rite of the Supreme Council of France on April 8,
in 1905 the Lodge
transferred its allegiance to the
and was designated Oceanic Lodge
1916 the Lodge requested and was
its original name and
was designated Lodge le
l'Oceanie No. 371.
Pacific Lodge No. 822 A.F. &
A.M. was organized by
dispensation on January 4,
1895, through the
Chartered by the Grand
Lodge of Scotland on August 1, 1895.
was Chartered by
Lodge of California as
Maui Lodge No. 223 F&AM
The Lodge prospered for
a few years but in 1877 surrendered
due to a lack of
participation. In 1904
on the Island of Maui
once again sought to establish
Island. An inquiry to the Grand Lodge
failed to elicit any
encouragement so the Maui Brethren
Past Master of Hawaiian
founder of Pacific
Lodge No. 822 under the Grand Lodge
for recommendations. It appears that Worshipful
was the representative
of the Grand Lodge of
Scotland in Hawaii at
the time. As a result the Grand Lodge
Chartered Lodge Maui No. 984 in Wailuku.
constituted on the Island of Hawaii was
No. 330, F. & A.M. located
in Hilo in 1897. It was
Chartered by the Grand Lodge of California.
PROMINENT BRETHREN OF HAWAII
THE 1908 ERA
Scott Cleghorn 1835-1910. Cleghorn was the husband of
Princess Miriam Kapili younger sister of King David Kalakaua.
He succeeded his
of Queen Lili'uokalani) as
Hawaii. Cleghorn was
the first president of
a member of he privy council under
Board of Health, and the Board of Immigration. He was Honolulu's
first park commissioner and became known
as the father of
Hawaii's Park System. He designed Thomas Square,
Mausoleum grounds and Kapiolani
street eventually became
of which he was president for
Cleghorn became a Master Mason in
Hawaiian Lodge No., F & AM in December 1873. He was an active
and served as a
Trustee from 1882-1895. Archibald
highly valued advisor
to the Hawaiian Monarchy for a good many years.
Iaukea served the Hawaiian Monarchy
during the reign of King Kalakaua as a highly competent
One-man Diplomatic Corps. He was sheriff of the County of
term in the Territorial
Senate. He was
appointed secretary of the Territory in
1917 and often served as acting governor until his retirement in
the Achieves Commission and custodian
Palace. Iaukea had faithfully served
the Hawaiian Monarchy, the Republic of Hawaii and
of Hawaii. He was the
most decorated man in Hawaii. Curtis
was a member of Pacific Lodge No. 822, A.F & A.M.
Ernest Cooper, 1857-1929. Henry
Cooper became a Master Mason in
in San Diego, California in 1870. He was the Worshipful
in 1894. Cooper organized
No. 822, A.F. &
A.M. under the Grand Lodge of
District Grand Lodge of
as its first Master in
1895 and again
Cooper also served as Deputy of the Orient of Hawaii for the
Scottish Rite Bodies from 1896-1915.
of the Committee of Safety and was
Thurston the leading
with Thurson, Cooper was
in establishing the
Provisional Government, the
Republic of Hawaii and ultimately the annexation of
Hawaii by the United States. He served as Minister of Foreign
various key positions and served
the Hawaii Republic for
three months during the absence of President Sanford Dole.
that castigates anyone
Liliu'okalani (Mrs. John
Dominis), Henry Ernest
Cooper has virtually become a
Lorrin Thurston is
portrayed as one
in Hawaiian History. To
pursue the interesting
career of Henry Ernest
Cooper would involve
us in the realm of politics...so, for the purpose of
this particular segment
here with the knowledge that
Henry Ernest Cooper was a dedicated Freemason and a very capable public
was a member
Lodge No. 371, F&
AM. Ben Dillingham was the founder
of the Dillingham clan
of Hawaii. He was the first officer of
stopped in Honolulu in 1864. While riding along the shore
he was thrown from the horse which
resulted in a long stay
in the hospital. While recovering he was
the Reverend Lowell Smith whose daughter Emma
Dillingham in 1869. Dillingham gave up the life
began a business career as a clerk in a hardware
store. He subsequently
bought the business and changed the name to Dillingham & Company. In
1889 he directed his efforts to linking
the North Shore of Oahu
by means of a railroad.
obtained a franchise for
"Dillingham's Folly as some folks
referred to it, laid
170 miles of track and became
in the agricultural development of Oahu. By 1890 railroad
operations were established on the Islands of
help to develop several Sugar Plantations
facilities on Oahu and the
neighbor islands. He
later built on Hawaii what became known
Railway. His son Walter
F. Dillingham took
operation of the
various Dillingham business activities
the annexation. Ben
and enjoined the
realization of his dreams, but remained
of Oahu Rail & Land
Company until his death.
a member of Hawaiian Lodge No.
He was a member of the Honolulu Board of
1930. Petrie was
a territorial senator for
Mayor of Honolulu during the years
II. He was Mayor from
1941 to 1947. Lester Petrie P,4 was
to establish the
Shriner Hospital for
Crippled Children in
Honolulu. Petrie was the Potentate
in 1917 and The Master of Hawaiian Lodge in 1920 Gerrit
of Hawaiian Lodge
AM. Wilder was born in Honolulu. He
School and worked for the Kahului Railroad Company.
He retired from
his entire efforts to
at the University of
subsequently became an
associate in botany at
Pacific, Ceylon, the West Indies and other areas. Wilder introduced
many plants and trees into Hawaii. He
and created many new varieties of Hibiscus. In 1907 he published
"Fruits of the Hawaiian Islands."
1871-1942. Dickey was a
member of Hawaiian Lodge
AM. Dickey was a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. He designed many buildings in
notable were Kamehameha School for Boys,
Castle & Cooke
Varsity, Toyo, and Hilo Theaters; Halekulani Hotel,
Kona inn, Naniloa Hotel in Hilo; Wilcox Memorial Hospital at
Lihue and the Kula Sanatorium on
Maui. Dickey was associated with
He served on the
Honolulu City Planning
Commission from 1931 to 1938.
Rider Farrington, 1871-1933, Farrington was a member of
No. 371, F & AM.
Farrington came to Hawaii as managing
Commercial Advertiser. He later
evening Bulletin which was merged with
Farrington became vice president
manager of the
resulting Star-Bulletin. Farrington
appointed governor of
by President Warren G.
reappointed by President Calvin
supported the continuation of
to Hawaiians and the
work of the Hawaii Homes
was a lifelong
proponent of statehood for the territory.
Harris Soper, 1846-1944. Soper was a member of Hawaiian Lodge
F & AM. Soper was
born in Plymouth, England and
California in 1877. He
became involved in raising sugar
became manager of the
Pioneer Mill at Lahaina, Maui.
first appointed marshal
of the kingdom in 1884
C. Parke also a member of Hawaiian Lodge.
resigned to reenter
business, but King Kalakaua again called him to the post in 1888.
the force that suppressed the Robert W. Wilcox rebellion
again. Soper was
recalled by the Provisional
forces, and it was under his
Monarchy was overthrown in
the counter revolution
of 1895 led by Robert Wilcox and Sam Nowlein a member of
He continued in this
office until 1907, when
he was retired by the
War Department in Washington, D.C. with
General. Soper was Master of Hawaiian Lodge in 1895.
* * * *
A VERY SPECIAL INDIVIDUAL
Henry Berger 1844-1929
Honolulu during the
reign of Kamahameha V
to serve as Band Master
was still active in 1908. Berger was
not a Freemason. He had helped Lili'uokalani compose "Aloha
wrote Hawaii's national
anthem "Hawaii Ponoi." Berger
Band for fory-three
years and made it
Henry Berger served
under the Hawaiian Monarchy, the
Hawaii and the Territory of Hawaii. He retired in 1916 at age 72.
* * * *
Directory, Territory of Hawaii 1908. Honolulu Mercantile Printing
Co., LTD. 1908
A. Grove Day, Mutual Publishing of Honolulu. March 1984.
Papers by the author covering a period of